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The Rugby World Cup Sevens is the premier stand-alone international rugby sevens competition. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the International Rugby Board (IRB), and is contested by the men's national sevens teams every four years. The inaugural tournament was held in 1993 in Scotland, the birthplace of rugby sevens. New Zealand are the current World Champions having won the competition in 2013. Fiji and New Zealand have won the tournament twice. England and Wales have won a single tournament, while both Australia and South Africa have reached the finals, but have not secured a title.

The winners of the tournament are awarded the Melrose Cup, named after the Scottish town of Melrose where the first rugby sevens game was played.

Prior to the inclusion of Rugby Sevens into the Olympic Games, the IRB stated that their intention would be to end the World Cup Sevens so that the Olympic Games would be the one pinnacle in a four year cycle for Rugby Sevens.[1] However, following consultation, the IRB announed that the competition would be retained, and integrated into the Olympic calendar, meaing that a meaningful elite level competition would take place every two years from 2016.

In order to achieve this, the first competition after Olympic integration is set to take place in 2018, which will entail a one-off five year gap from the 2013 competition. It is intended that this competition will be markedly larger in terms of team numbers than the Olympic tournament.[2]

HistoryEdit

The Rugby World Cup Sevens originated with a proposal by the Scottish Rugby Union to the International Rugby Football Board. The inaugural tournament was held at Murrayfield in Edinburgh in April 1993, and has been held every four years since.

Hong Kong, which had played a major role in the international development of the Sevens game, hosted the 1997 event. The final was won by Fiji over South Africa. The 2001 tournament, held in Mar del Plata, Argentina. The 2005 event returned to Hong Kong.

The IRB made a submission to the International Olympic Committee in 2005 for Sevens to become an Olympic sport. However, the submission failed because committee members felt IRB needed to improve promotion of the women's game. To that end, the IRB implemented the first women's Sevens Rugby World Cup tournament in 2009.[3]

The 2009 Rugby World Cup Sevens was held in Dubai during the first weekend of March 2009 and included a separate women's tournament. Cumulative attendance was 78,000.[3]

Prior to the inclusion of Rugby Sevens into the Olympic Games, the IRB stated that their intention would be to end the World Cup Sevens so that the Olympic Games would be the one pinnacle in a four year cycle for Rugby Sevens.[1] The adoption of rugby sevens and golf was recommended to the full IOC council by its executive board ahead of squash, karate, roller sports, baseball and softball in August 2009.[4] The International Olympic Committee voted in 2009 in Copenhagen for sevens to become a medal sport at the 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro.[5]

The IRB Council in 2010 awarded the hosting of the 2013 tournament to Moscow, Russia from a field of eight nations that had expressed formal interest in hosting.[6] The IRB intended that the exposure to rugby from hosting the World Cup Sevens would accelerate the growth of rugby in Russia.[7]

The IRB had said the 2013 World Cup – featuring 24 men's teams and 16 women's teams – would be the last one. However, following feedback from its member unions, the IRB's general assembly in October may vote on whether the tournament should continue. The principal concern is the inequity that Sevens at the Olympics would accommodate only 12 teams.[8]

The IRB announced on June 12 2013 that the Rugby World Cup Sevens would continue after 2013, with the next tournament set for 2018 and for every four years after that.[9] Following the IRB's announcement, several nations officially announced their intention to bid to host the 2018 tournament – including the United States[10] and Wales.[11]

Men'sEdit

Year Host Final Semi-finalists
Winner Score Runner-up
1993 Scotland
Edinburgh, Scotland
Flag of England.png
England
21–17 Flag of Australia.png
Australia
Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Template:Country data Ireland
1997 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
24–21 Flag of South Africa.png
South Africa
Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Samoa.png
Samoa
2001 Argentina
Mar del Plata, Argentina
Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
31–12 Flag of Australia.png
Australia
Flag of Argentina.png
Argentina
Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
2005 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
27–19 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Australia.png
Australia
Flag of England.png
England
2009 United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
Flag of Wales.png
Wales
19–12 Flag of Argentina.png
Argentina
Flag of Kenya.jpg
Kenya
Flag of Samoa.png
Samoa
2013 Russia
Moscow, Russia
Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
33–0 Flag of England.png
England
Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of Kenya.jpg
Kenya

The 2001 tournament, held in Argentina, added another chapter to the legend of New Zealand's Jonah Lomu. Lomu, used sparingly in pool play, received his opportunity when New Zealand captain and Sevens legend Eric Rush broke his leg against England in the last pool match. Lomu went on to score three tries in the final.

In 2005, Waisale Serevi came out of international retirement to captain and lead them to their second Melrose Cup. In the process, they denied New Zealand their second consecutive Melrose Cup and also prevented England from becoming the first nation to hold the Rugby World Cup in both fifteens and Sevens.

At the 2009 tournament in Dubai, Wales, Samoa, Argentina and Kenya combined to stun the rugby world by defeating the traditional powerhouses of New Zealand, England, South Africa and Fiji in the quarter-finals, guaranteeing a new Melrose Cup winner. Wales and Argentina met in the final after winning their semi-final games, with Wales triumphing 19–12. Wales' Taliesin Selley was named player of the tournament.

The top all-time try-scorer for the Rugby World Cup Sevens has been Fijian rugby winger Marika Vunibaka who has scored 23 tries in 3 of the sevens world cups he has played in since his debut in 1997.

Results by nationEdit

Team 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 Years
Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf Arabian Gulf 21st 1
Flag of Argentina.png Argentina 9th 13th 3rd 5th 2nd 11th 6
Flag of Australia.png Australia 2nd 5th 2nd 3rd 10th 5th 6
Flag of Canada.jpg Canada 15th 21st 5th 18th 13th 9th 6
Flag of Chile.png Chile 10th 1
Flag of Cook Islands.png Cook Islands 11th 13th 2
Flag of Chinese Taipei.png Chinese Taipei 21st 21st 21st 3
Flag of England.png England 1st 5th 5th 3rd 5th 2nd 6
Flag of Fiji.png Fiji 3rd 1st 3rd 1st 5th 3rd 6
Flag of France.png France 15th 5th 21st 5th 13th 5th 6
Flag of Georgia.png Georgia 17th 11th 21st 19th 4
Template:Country data Ireland 3rd 19th 19th 13th 18th 5
Flag of Italy.png Italy 17th 17th 21st 3
Flag of Hong Kong.png Hong Kong 17th 10th 21st 21st 19th 21st 6
Flag of Japan.png Japan 13th 17th 13th 13th 21st 18th 6
Flag of Kenya.jpg Kenya 19th 19th 3rd 4th 4
Flag of South Korea.png South Korea 11th 5th 13th 21st 4
Template:Country data LAT 21st 1
Flag of Morocco.png Morocco 19th 1
Flag of Namibia.png Namibia 21st 21st 2
Flag of Netherlands.png Netherlands 21st 1
Flag of New Zealand.png New Zealand 7th 3rd 1st 2nd 5th 1st 6
Flag of Philippines.png Philippines 21st 1
Flag of Portugal.jpg Portugal 21st 18th 10th 11th 13th 5
Flag of Romania.png Romania 17th 13th 2
Flag of Russia.png Russia 9th 11th 17th 3
Flag of South Africa.png South Africa 5th 2nd 5th 5th 5th 5th 6
Flag of Samoa.png Samoa 5th 3rd 5th 9th 3rd 10th 6
Flag of Scotland.png Scotland 14th 11th 5th 9th 11th 5
Flag of Spain.jpg Spain 10th 13th 11th 21st 4
Flag of Tonga.jpg Tonga 7th 9th 19th 11th 13th 5
Flag of Tunisia.png Tunisia 13th 13th 21st 3
Flag of Uruguay.png Uruguay 21st 19th 19th 3
Flag of United States.png United States 17th 18th 13th 13th 13th 13th 6
Flag of Wales.png Wales 11th 13th 11th 1st 5th 6
Flag of Zimbabwe.png Zimbabwe 21st 21st 17th 13th 4

Women'sEdit

Year Host Final Semi-finalists
Winner Score Runner-up
2009 United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
Flag of Australia.png
Australia
15–10 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of United States.png
United States
Flag of South Africa.png
South Africa
2013 Russia
Moscow, Russia
Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
29–12 Flag of Canada.jpg
Canada
Flag of United States.png
United States
Flag of Spain.jpg
Spain

Results by nationEdit

Team 2009 2013 Years
Flag of Australia.png Australia 1st 5th 2
Flag of Brazil.png Brazil 10th 13th 2
Flag of Canada.jpg Canada 6th 2nd 2
Flag of China.png China 9th 11th 2
Flag of England.png England 5th 6th 2
Flag of Fiji.png Fiji 9th 1
Flag of France.png France 7th 11th 2
Template:Country data Ireland 7th 1
Flag of Italy.png Italy 11th 2
Flag of Japan.png Japan 13th 13th 2
Flag of Netherlands.png Netherlands 13th 10th 2
Flag of New Zealand.png New Zealand 2nd 1st 2
Flag of Russia.png Russia 11th 7th 2
Flag of South Africa.png South Africa 4th 13th 2
Flag of Spain.jpg Spain 7th 4th 2
Flag of Thailand.png Thailand 13th 1
Flag of Tunisia.png Tunisia 13th 1
Flag of United States.png United States 3rd 3rd 2
Flag of Uganda.png Uganda 13th 1

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 RWC Sevens to be scrapped for Olympics, ESPN, 27 May 2009 Retrieved 24 February 2011
  2. http://www.rwcsevens.com/home/news/newsid=2067449.html#future+rugby+world+cup+sevens+confirmed
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Tietjens backs sevens Olympic bid", ESPN, (13 August 2009), Retrieved 29 March 2011
  4. Lowe, Alex (7 October 2009). "Lomu lends his weight to rugby sevens Olympic bid", The Scotsman. Retrieved 29 March 2011
  5. John Duce, (27 Mar 2011). "New Zealand Beat England 29–17 to Win Hong Kong Rugby Sevens", Bloomberg, Retrieved 29 March 2011
  6. IRB.com, Russia to host Rugby World Cup Sevens 2013, May 12, 2010, http://www.rwcsevens.com/home/news/newsid=2037312.html
  7. IRB.com, Russia to host Rugby World Cup Sevens 2013, May 12, 2010, http://www.rwcsevens.com/home/news/newsid=2037312.html
  8. Sallay, Alvin (29 Mar 2011). "IRB under pressure to save World Cup Sevens", South China Morning Post
  9. IRB.com. Future of Rugby World Cup Sevens confirmed, June 12, 2013, http://www.rwcsevens.com/home/news/newsid=2067449.html
  10. http://www.usarugby.org/womens-sevens-news/item/usa-rugby-to-bid-for-2018-rugby-world-cup-sevens
  11. http://www.wru.co.uk/eng/news/27196.php#.Ubp_oRy0iXI

External linksEdit

Template:RWC Sevens

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