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The Hong Kong Sevens (Chinese: 香港國際七人欖球賽) is considered the premier tournament on the IRB Sevens World Series rugby sevens competition. The Hong Kong Sevens is the sixth tournament on the IRB Sevens World Series (following the USA Sevens), and is held annually in Hong Kong on a weekend in late March. The tournament spans three days, beginning on a Friday and concluding on Sunday. The 2013 event took place on 22–24 March. The tournament is organised each year by the Hong Kong Rugby Football Union (HKRFU),

HistoryEdit

File:Hong Kong Sevens Parade.jpg

The Hong Kong Sevens was originally the idea of the Marketing and Promotions Manager of Rothman's Export for a Pan Asia 15s Rugby Tournament.

Rodney Bentham-Wood wanted Rothmans to sponsor a pan Asia rugby Tournament. However, after a discussion between him and the chairman of the HKRFU, South African entrepreneur, A.D.C. "Tokkie" Smith, it was decided that a Sevens Tournament would be cheaper and simpler to set up. The idea was then implemented by Duncan McTavish (HKRFC then captain), Trevor J. Bedford OBE (Chairman of Hong Kong Land, Jardine Matheson Limited, Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group and Director of HSBC) and Ian Gow, the Rothmans' Tobacco company executive for Hong Kong. After an initial proposal was refused by the Rugby Football Union in England, the HKRFU changed its focus and sent out invitations to Asian and Pacific sides.

On 28 March 1976, clubs from Indonesia, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, Japan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Fiji participated in the first Hong Kong Sevens Tournament at the Hong Kong Football Club in Happy Valley sponsored by Rothmans' Tobacco and Cathay Pacific. This was an important step as this was one of the first rugby tournaments that attracted commercial sponsorship. Of the countries represented in the inaugural sevens tournament, only Australia and New Zealand did not send national sides, instead being represented by the Wallaroos and the Cantabrians respectively. These two clubs met in the final where the Cantabrians won 24-8.

The series then grew into a competition with national representative sevens sides competing, and with this growth, the tournament moved to the Hong Kong Stadium in 1982.

The Hong Kong Sevens were ahead of their time, and an influential force in the modernisation of rugby union, for example, the Hong Kong Sevens were one of the first rugby union tournaments to attract major sponsorship, when the airline Cathay Pacific sponsored the 1976 tournament.[1] They also provided a level of cosmopolitan international competition, which tended not to exist in rugby before the first Rugby World Cup in 1987,[2] especially since Template:Nrut was not seen as one of the "Big Eight", and other than some involvement with Template:Nrut, the Commonwealth teams tended to be notoriously clannish. By 1986, the Hong Kong Sevens were held up as a positive example to others:

File:Crowd cheering, Hong Kong Sevens 2009.jpg
"This Seven-a-Side international tournament is without a doubt the most spectacular, exotic, best organized Rugby competition of its kind in the world, and it has consistently produced the highest standard of Sevens Rugby seen anywhere.
"I was not surprised on my first visit to see quality play from the Australian, New Zealand, Fijian, and British players, but I was staggered at the amazingly high quality play produced by countries I never even knew played Rugby. South Korea and Western Samoa were every bit as good as Japan and Tonga. Template:Nrut, Template:Nrut and Template:Nrut found their lack of sheer size and bulk an insuperable handicap, but against each other they displayed a range of running and handling skills which demanded unqualified praise. Template:Nrut, Template:Nrut and the Template:Nrut were inevitably outgunned by the teams from the major Rugby-playing nations but they still have a remarkably high level of skill which promises well for the future of the game."
"The week of the Hong Kong tournament allows 24 Rugby-playing nations to intermingle for several days, and the huge cross-fertilisation of ideas can only be beneficial in the long term for the emerging nations. After the first day of the play when the top eight seeded teams meet the smaller fish in a pool system, the second day is divided into three different competitions... The strength of this great tournament is that on the opening day the most famous players in the world share a pitch with unknown opponents from countries where Rugby is a minority sport... While tournaments like the Hong Kong Sevens continue to be played, Rugby administrators can be confident that the game will continue to thrive in over 100 countries worldwide."[2]

Bill McLaren, in his autobiography Talking of Rugby writes at length about his Hong Kong Sevens experiences:

"I remember a big South Sea islander saying that, in his view, the Hong Kong sevens were really the Olympic games of Rugby Union. Certainly, the Hong Kong event encapsulates all the really good things that the game has to offer–splendid organisation, wonderful sporting spirit, universal camaraderie, admirable field behaviour, the most enjoyable crowd participation, the chance for emergent rugby nations to lock horns with the mighty men of Template:Nrut, Template:Nrut, Template:Nrut, Template:Nrut, Template:Nrut and the Barbarians. There is, too, scintillating running and handling which is what the game is supposed to be all about."[3]

However, despite this apparent diversity, some of the same old problems which had dogged international rugby were still manifest in the Hong Kong Sevens in the 1980s - for example, in a photograph of the Template:Nrut vs Template:Nrut game at the tournament in 1984, the teams do not appear to include anyone who is ethnically Arabian or Chinese, instead both teams are quite clearly of northern European ethnic origin.[4]

In 1994, the venue was deemed too small for the tournament and was rebuilt into a 40,000 seat stadium now named the Hong Kong Stadium. Today, 24 national representative sides compete in the tournament. These include the 16 'core' members of the IRB Sevens World Series, plus eight further invited teams.

In 1997 and 2005, the Hong Kong Sevens was not held; taking its place was the Rugby World Cup Sevens, which Hong Kong hosted in both years. Fiji won both World Cup Sevens tournaments. In 1998, the first tournament after the transfer of sovereignty to China, tickets were not sold internationally and the event was stricken with a bankrupt sponsor Peregrine. The Union's Organising Committee worked hard, and successfully implemented its marketing strategy to get the local population involved through "Friday Night is Party Night" and secured CSFB as sponsors "on a spur-of-the-moment",[5] the event was a comparatively huge success. In 2011, after HSBC negotiated title sponsorship to the entire World Sevens Series tournaments, it was no longer possible for Credit Suisse to sponsor the Hong Kong leg after 14 years.[5]

Format Edit

The Hong Kong Sevens is the sport's most prestigious annual rugby sevens event organised by the IRB Sevens World Series, Historically, it had been contested by 24 teams; all other World Series tournaments had 16 teams participating until the 2012–13 edition. The teams are divided into six pools of four teams, who play a round-robin within the pool. The winning team of the tournament acquires 30 points towards its rankings in the World Series instead of the normal 22, and the runner-up earns 25 points instead of the normal 19. Through the 2008–09 IRB Sevens season, the Hong Kong Sevens awarded 24 points to the runner-up, and 16-team events offered only 20 points for the winner and 16 for the runner-up.

The 2010 edition saw several significant changes to the tournament format. Foremost among these changes was the introduction of the fourth-level Shield trophy, which had not previously been awarded in Hong Kong. More important within the context of the IRB Sevens as a whole, the Cup and Plate are now contested in the same manner as in other competitions, with the losing quarter-finalists in the Cup parachuting into the Plate semifinals.

Further major changes were made to the event for 2013. These changes resulted from the IRB's decision to institute a formal promotion and relegation process for core teams (i.e., teams assured of playing in all series events) starting with the 2012–13 series.[6]

For starters, the number of teams involved in the event will increase from 24 to 28. However, only 16 of these teams will compete for series points. The 15 core teams will he joined in the main draw by the winner of the most recent edition of the HSBC Asian Sevens Series. The remaining 12 teams, specifically two qualifiers from each of the IRB's six regional zones, participate in the World Series Pre-Qualifier. Like the main draw, the Pre-Qualifier groups the entrants into four-team pools. The top two teams from each pool, plus the top two third-place teams, advance to a quarterfinal round, with the winners of all four matches, along with the Asian Sevens Series winner, advancing to the World Series Core Team Qualifier at the London Sevens.[6]

The total prize money stands at US$150,000. The Cup Champion wins US$100,000, and the runner-up takes home US$25,000; each semi-finalist loser receives US$12,500.[7]

Pool Edit

Points are awarded in each pool on a different schedule from most rugby tournaments—3 for a win, 2 for a draw, 1 for a loss. The first tiebreaker is the head-to-head result between the tied teams, followed by difference in points scored during the tournament.[8]

Trophies round Edit

Like all other World Series tournaments, four trophies are awarded at the end of a knockout tournament. Before the reorganisation of the tournament in 2013, the six pool winners, plus the two top-rated second-place teams, played for the Cup and Plate. The Cup is awarded to the overall tournament champion. As for the other IRB tournaments, four quarterfinal losers dropped into the bracket for the Plate. The Bowl was contested by the four remaining second-place teams, plus the four top-rated third-place teams, while the Shield was contested by the eight remaining teams. The Shield was contested in Hong Kong for the first time in 2010.[9]

Starting in 2013, only the 16 teams in the main draw will compete for trophies. The format will be identical to that of the regular series events, with the top two teams in each pool advancing to the Cup and Plate tournaments, and the remaining teams contesting the Bowl and Shield. The losers of the Cup quarterfinals drop to the Plate tournament, and the losers of the Bowl quarterfinals drop to the Shield tournament.

AtmosphereEdit

File:P1020412.jpg
The Hong Kong Rugby Sevens is traditionally one of if not the biggest event on the Hong Kong sporting calendar. As such, there is a tremendous party atmosphere, with the involvement of the entire rugby-playing community.[10] A one-day women's tournament, The Cable&Wireless Worldwide Hong Kong Women's Rugby Sevens, precedes the men's contests.[11] Under the auspices of the Hong Kong Mini Rugby Football Union, children with local clubs aged between 6 to 12 years play tournaments before the main matches each day. They also take part in the March Past immediately before the semi-final round.
File:2011 Hong Kong Rugby Sevens, Gumby and Banana resting before the matches begin.jpg
For spectators, particular emphasis on the South Stand, where hordes of rugby fans dress up and dance for most of the duration. Activities that typically ensue as the weekend progresses include the throwing of empty beer jugs around the South Stand, Mexican waves, and streakers running across the pitch. Outside the stadium, the 'Sevens Village' at the Indian Recreation Club nearby is an alternative venue to gather and watch matches on giant screens, eat and drink to excess while matches are in progress; and after the match, partying continues with champagne and live music and DJs in the champagne tent.[12]

Since 2007 the South Stand has been made officially accessible to over-18s only, due to its hyper and somewhat provocative atmosphere. Streakers were formally arrested. In addition, following an incident in 2010 when one spectator invaded the pitch, climbed onto the crossbars at the south end of the stadium before dodging back into the stands and disappearing, organisers stepped up security and announced a zero-tolerance policy of invaders in 2011. Out of concerns for safety, the local Rugby Union sent out notification that anyone entering the playing area who should not enter would be arrested by the police, instead of just being ejected from the arena.[13]

SummariesEdit

Year Venue Cup Plate
Winner Final Score Runner-up Winner Final Score Runner-up
1976 HK Football Club Stadium New Zealand
Cantabrians
24-8 Australia
Wallaroos
[[File:{{{flag alias-1959}}}|30x27px|border |alt=|link=]]
Hong Kong
19-16 Flag of Tonga.jpg
Tonga
1977 HK Football Club Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
28-18 New Zealand
Marlborough
Flag of Tonga.jpg
Tonga
20-4 Template:Country data INA
1978 HK Football Club Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
14-10 New Zealand
Manawatu
Template:Country data Bahrain 10-0 Flag of Singapore.png
Singapore
1979 HK Football Club Stadium Flag of Australia.png
Australia
39-3 Template:Country data Western Samoa Flag of Papua New Guinea.png
Papua New Guinea
13-10 Template:Country data Hawaii
1980 HK Football Club Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
12-8 Scotland
Co-Optimists
Flag of Japan.png
Japan
44-0 Flag of Singapore.png
Singapore
1981 HK Football Club Stadium Template:Country data UK
Barbarian F.C.
12-10 Flag of Australia.png
Australia
Flag of Tonga.jpg
Tonga
22-18 Flag of Japan.png
Japan
1982 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Australia.png
Australia
18-14 Scotland
Scottish Border Club
Flag of South Korea.png
South Korea
32-6 Flag of Japan.png
Japan
1983 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Australia.png
Australia
14-4 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of South Korea.png
South Korea
30-6 Flag of Canada.jpg
Canada
Year Venue Cup Plate Bowl
Winner Final Score Runner-up Winner Winner
1984 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
26-0 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Australia.png
Australia
Flag of Sri Lanka.png
Sri Lanka
1985 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Australia.png
Australia
24-10 Template:Country data UK
Public School Wanderers
Flag of Tonga.jpg
Tonga
[[File:{{{flag alias-1959}}}|30x27px|border |alt=|link=]]
Hong Kong
1986 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
32-12 France
French Barbarians
Flag of United States.png
United States
Flag of Papua New Guinea.png
Papua New Guinea
1987 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
12-6 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
France
French Barbarians
[[File:{{{flag alias-1959}}}|30x27px|border |alt=|link=]]
Hong Kong
1988 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Australia.png
Australia
13-12 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of United States.png
United States
Template:Country data Republic of China
Taiwan
1989 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
22-10 Flag of Australia.png
Australia
Flag of Tonga.jpg
Tonga
Flag of Netherlands.png
Netherlands
1990 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
22-10 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
[[File:{{{flag alias-1959}}}|30x27px|border |alt=|link=]]
Hong Kong
Template:Country data FRG
1991 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
18-14 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Argentina.png
Argentina
Flag of United States.png
United States
1992 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
22-6 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
[[File:{{{flag alias-1959}}}|30x27px|border |alt=|link=]]
Hong Kong
Flag of Romania.png
Romania
1993 Hong Kong Stadium Template:Country data Western Samoa 14-12 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of Tonga.jpg
Tonga
Flag of Romania.png
Romania
1994 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
32-20 Flag of Australia.png
Australia
Flag of South Korea.png
South Korea
[[File:{{{flag alias-1959}}}|30x27px|border |alt=|link=]]
Hong Kong
1995 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
35-17 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of Canada.jpg
Canada
[[File:{{{flag alias-1959}}}|30x27px|border |alt=|link=]]
Hong Kong
1996 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
19-17 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of France.png
France
Flag of Japan.png
Japan
1997 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
24-21 Flag of South Africa.png
South Africa
Flag of Tonga.jpg
Tonga
Flag of United States.png
United States
1998 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
28-19 Template:Country data Western Samoa Flag of South Korea.png
South Korea
Flag of Morocco.png
Morocco
1999 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
21-12 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Japan.png
Japan
Flag of Hong Kong.png
Hong Kong
2000 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
31-5 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of France.png
France
Template:Country data IRE
2001 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
29-5 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of United States.png
United States
Flag of Hong Kong.png
Hong Kong
2002 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of England.png
England
33-20 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of South Africa.png
South Africa
Flag of Morocco.png
Morocco
2003 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of England.png
England
22-17 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Canada.jpg
Canada
Flag of United States.png
United States
2004 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of England.png
England
22-12 Flag of Argentina.png
Argentina
Flag of Scotland.png
Scotland
Flag of Cook Islands.png
Cook Islands
2005 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
29-19 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Portugal.jpg
Portugal
Flag of Italy.png
Italy
2006 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of England.png
England
26-24 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of Wales.png
Wales
Flag of China.png
China
2007 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Samoa.png
Samoa
27-22 Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
Flag of Wales.png
Wales
Flag of Russia.png
Russia
2008 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
26-12 Flag of South Africa.png
South Africa
Flag of France.png
France
Flag of Russia.png
Russia
2009 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
26-24 Flag of South Africa.png
South Africa
Flag of Tonga.jpg
Tonga
Flag of Portugal.jpg
Portugal
Year Venue Cup Plate Bowl Shield
Winner Final Score Runner-up Winner Winner Winner
2010 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Samoa.png
Samoa
24-21 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Australia.png
Australia
Flag of Canada.jpg
Canada
Flag of Hong Kong.png
Hong Kong
2011 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
29-17 Flag of England.png
England
Flag of South Africa.png
South Africa
Flag of Canada.jpg
Canada
Flag of Kenya.jpg
Kenya
2012 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
35-28 Flag of New Zealand.png
New Zealand
Flag of Samoa.png
Samoa
Flag of Kenya.jpg
Kenya
Flag of Canada.jpg
Canada
2013 Hong Kong Stadium Flag of Fiji.png
Fiji
26-19 Flag of Wales.png
Wales
Flag of Samoa.png
Samoa
Flag of England.png
England
Flag of France.png
France

A developing ground for young playersEdit

Sevens has proved to be a fertile ground for nurturing young players who go on to star in the 15-man game.[14]

For New Zealand, Jonah Lomu,[15] Christian Cullen, Zinzan Brooke, John Schuster, Rodney So'oialo, Joe Rokocoko, Mils Muliaina and Rico Gear were first introduced to the international game of Sevens. For Australia, former captain George Gregan first demonstrated his ability at the Hong Kong Sevens in the same team as Joe Roff and Ben Tune. Sevens launched the careers of Rupeni Caucau, Napolioni Nalaga, Sireli Bobo, Noa Nadruku, Joeli Vidiri, William Ryder, Marika Vunibaka and Vilimoni Delasau to name just a few Fijians. For England, Lawrence Dallaglio, Matt Dawson, Ben Foden, Austin Healey, Josh Lewsey, Mathew Tait and David Strettle have developed their game in the shortened code. For Wales, Jamie Roberts and James Hook are among those who went on to the 15-man national team after playing in the Hong Kong Sevens.[16] South Africa, also, have seen Jean de Villiers, Bryan Habana, Ricky Januarie, Brent Russell and Kabamba Floors showcase their variety of skills at the event. Sevens also launched the international career of former Argentina 15s captain Agustín Pichot, who later served on the coaching staff of the country's sevens team and went on to play a key behind-the-scenes role in the country's entry into The Rugby Championship.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

Printed sourcesEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. Starmer-Smith, p144
  2. 2.0 2.1 Starmer-Smith, p142
  3. McLaren, Bill Talking of Rugby (1991, Stanley Paul, London ISBN 0-09-173875-X), p 166
  4. Starmer-Smith, p146
  5. 5.0 5.1 Yiu, Enoch (Mar 28, 2011). "Bank reluctantly takes its final bow as a major Sevens sponsor", South China Morning Post
  6. 6.0 6.1 "HSBC World Sevens Series: Series Qualifying". International Rugby Board. http://irbsevens.com/seriesinfo/qualifying.html. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  7. [Cathay Pacific/Credit Suisse Hong Kong Sevens 2011, General Info>Fact Sheet Information http://www.hksevens.com/General-Info-FactSheet.htm] HK Sevens
  8. "Rules: 16-Team Tournament". International Rugby Board. 2009. http://www.irbsevens.com/rules/rules16.html. Retrieved 14 July 2009. 
  9. "Rules". International Rugby Board. http://www.irbsevens.com/rules/index.html. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  10. Hong Kong Sevens, UR7s.com
  11. Canada win Hong Kong women's title, HK Sevens, press release, 25 March 2011
  12. Wright, Adam (24 March 2011). "The buzz", South China Morning Post (Lifestyle)
  13. Carney, John (25 March 2011). "Pitch invaders to be arrested at the Sevens", South China Morning Post
  14. "History of Hong Kong Sevens". http://www.hksevens.com/General-Info-History-History.htm. 
  15. "Lomu: A giant on any stage". allblacks.com. Archived from the original on 26 June 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060626052912/http://www.rwcsevens.com/History/Great+Players/lomu.htm. Retrieved 22 July 2006. 
  16. "Welsh Rugby Union: Wales Squad for Hong Kong Sevens 2006". http://www.wru.co.uk/114_6904.php. 
V T E Hong Kong Sevens
Men Sevens 1976 • 1977 • 1978 • 1979 • 1980 • 1981 • 1982 • 1983 • 1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014
V T E IRB Sevens World Series
2013-14 events 2013 Gold Coast Sevens | 2013 Dubai Sevens | 2013 South Africa Sevens | 2014 USA Sevens | 2014 Wellington Sevens | 2014 Japan Sevens | 2014 Hong Kong Sevens | 2014 Scotland Sevens | 2014 London Sevens
Current Stadiums Robina Stadium | The Sevens | Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium | Sam Boyd Stadium | Westpac Stadium | Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadium | Hong Kong Stadium | Scotstoun Stadium | Twickenham Stadium
Former events Paris Sevens | Singapore Sevens | Shanghai Sevens | Tokyo Sevens | Mar Del Plata Sevens | Punta Del Este Sevens | Kuala Lumpur Sevens | Fiji Sevens
Seasons 1999-00 | 2000-01 | 2001-02 | 2002-03 | 2003-04 | 2004-05 | 2005-06 | 2006-07 | 2007-08 | 2008-09 | 2009-10 | 2010-11 | 2011-12 | 2012-13 | 2013-14

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