The 2009–10 IRB Sevens World Series was the eleventh of an annual series of rugby union sevens tournaments for full national sides run by the International Rugby Board since 1999–2000. Samoa won the series crown for their first time.
Sevens is a stripped-down version of rugby union, with seven players on each side rather than fifteen. Games are much shorter, seven or ten minutes each half, and tend to be very fast-paced. Sevens is traditionally played in a two-day tournament format. However, the most famous event, the Hong Kong Sevens, is played over three days, largely because it involves 24 teams instead of the normal 16.
The series' tournaments were identical to those in 2008–09 and spanned the globe, visiting five of the six populated continents.
|Dubai||The Sevens||December 4–5, 2009||New Zealand|
|South Africa||Outeniqua Park, George||December 11–12, 2009||New Zealand|
|New Zealand||Westpac Stadium, Wellington||February 5–6, 2010||Fiji|
|United States||Sam Boyd Stadium, Las Vegas||February 13–14, 2010||Samoa|
|Australia||Adelaide Oval, Adelaide||March 19–21, 2010||Samoa|
|Hong Kong||Hong Kong Stadium||March 26–28, 2010||Samoa|
|London||Twickenham||May 22–23, 2010||Australia|
|Edinburgh||Murrayfield, Edinburgh||May 29–30, 2010||Samoa|
Two minor changes were made to the schedule:
- The USA event moved from San Diego, its home from 2007 to 2009, to Las Vegas.
- The Adelaide event moved from its previous slot of one week after Hong Kong to one week before.
Before each season, the IRB announces the 12 "core teams" that will receive guaranteed berths in each event in that season's series. The core teams for 2009–10 were:
- New Zealand
- South Africa
- United States
The season championship is determined by points earned in each tournament. Effective with this season, the IRB changed the points allocations for all events as follows:
- 16-team events (all except for Hong Kong)
- Cup winner (1st place): 24 points
- Cup runner-up: 20 points
- Losing Cup semifinalists: 16 points
- Plate winner (5th place): 12 points
- Plate runner-up: 8 points
- Losing Plate semifinalists: 6 points
- Bowl winner (9th place): 4 points
- 24-team event (Hong Kong)
- Cup winner: 30 points
- Cup runner-up: 25 points
- Losing Cup semifinalists: 20 points
- Plate winner (5th place): 16 points
- Plate runner-up: 10 points
- Losing Plate semifinalists: 8 points
- Bowl winner (9th place): 5 points
In all tournaments except Hong Kong, 16 teams participate. Due to its place as the sport's most prestigious annual event, the Hong Kong tournament has 24 teams. In each 16-team tournament, the teams are divided into pools of four teams, who play a round-robin within the pool. Points are awarded in each pool on a different schedule from most rugby tournaments—3 for a win, 2 for a draw, 1 for a loss. The first tiebreaker is the head-to-head result between the tied teams, followed by difference in points scored during the tournament.
Four trophies are awarded in each tournament. In descending order of prestige, they are the Cup, whose winner is the overall tournament champion, Plate, Bowl and Shield. The Shield was contested in Hong Kong for the first time in 2010. Each trophy is awarded at the end of a knockout tournament.
In a 16-team tournament, the top two teams in each pool advance to the Cup competition. The four quarterfinal losers drop into the bracket for the Plate. The Bowl is contested by the third- and fourth-place finishers in each pool, with the losers in the Bowl quarterfinals dropping into the bracket for the Shield.
The Hong Kong Sevens adopted a new structure effective with its 2010 edition. As in previous years, the 24 teams were divided into six pools of four teams each, with the competition points system and tiebreakers identical to those for a 16-team event. Also as in the past, the six pool winners and the two top second-place finishers advanced to the Cup competition. The changes made in 2010 were:
- The Plate competition was contested by the losing quarterfinalists from the Cup, as in all other events in the series.
- The Bowl was contested by the four remaining second-place finishers and the top four third-place finishers. In previous years, these teams competed for the Plate.
- The Shield was contested by the remaining eight entrants. In previous years, these teams competed for the Bowl.
|13=||Papua New Guinea||DNP||DNP||0||DNP||0||DNP||DNP||DNP||0|
- Main article: 2009 Dubai Sevens
|Cup||New Zealand||24 – 12||Samoa|| England|
|Plate||Australia||7 – 0||South Africa|| Argentina|
|Bowl||Wales||38 – 7||Zimbabwe|| United States|
|Shield||Russia||17 – 14||Portugal|| Scotland|
- Main article: 2009 South Africa Sevens
|Cup||New Zealand||21 – 12||Fiji|| Argentina|
|Plate||England||21 – 7||South Africa|| Samoa|
|Bowl||Wales||14 – 5||Russia|| United States|
|Shield||Scotland||28 – 19||France|| Zimbabwe|
- Main article: 2010 Wellington Sevens
|Cup||Fiji||19 – 14||Samoa|| England|
|Plate||Australia||26 – 22||South Africa|| Canada|
|Bowl||Wales||7 – 5||France|| Argentina|
|Shield||United States||17 – 14||Tonga|| Papua New Guinea|
- Main article: 2010 USA Sevens
|Cup||Samoa||33 – 12||New Zealand|| Australia|
|Plate||South Africa||12 – 7||Fiji|| England|
|Bowl||United States||28 – 17||France|| Argentina|
|Shield||Scotland||17 – 7||Japan|| Canada|
- Main article: 2010 Adelaide Sevens
|Cup||Samoa||38 – 10||United States|| Argentina|
|Plate||New Zealand||21 – 14||South Africa|| Fiji|
|Bowl||England||33 – 12||Kenya|| France|
|Shield||Japan||22 – 19||Tonga|| Niue|
Papua New Guinea
- Main article: 2010 Hong Kong Sevens
|Event||Winners||Score||Finalists||Semi Finalists||Quarter Finalists|
|Cup||Samoa||24 – 21||New Zealand|| England|
|Plate||Australia||12 – 5||South Africa|| Kenya|
|Bowl||Canada||35 – 19||Wales|| Portugal|
|Shield||Hong Kong||19 – 17||Russia|| Italy|
- Main article: 2010 London Sevens
|Cup||Australia||19 – 14||South Africa|| Argentina|
|Plate||New Zealand||26 – 24||Fiji|| England|
|Bowl||Canada||19 – 17||Portugal|| Scotland|
|Shield||Kenya||24 – 21||France|| Italy|
- Main article: 2010 Edinburgh Sevens
|Cup||Samoa||41 – 14||Australia|| England|
|Plate||Scotland||19 – 0||Argentina|| Fiji|
|Bowl||Wales||26 – 10||Kenya|| France|
|Shield||Russia||26 – 7||Canada|| Italy|
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 International Rugby Board (2009-07-08). 2009/10 IRB Sevens World Series schedule set. Press release. Retrieved on 2009-07-14.
- ↑ USA Sevens, LLC (2009-07-13). USA Sevens Signs Letter Of Intent to Bring Tournament to New Venue in 2010. Press release. Retrieved on 2009-07-14.
- ↑ International Rugby Board (2009-10-12). Pools and matches set for South Africa Sevens. Press release. Retrieved on 2009-10-12.
- ↑ International Rugby Board (2008-09-22). USA Rugby receives major Sevens boost. Press release. Retrieved on 2009-03-05.
- ↑ International Rugby Board (2009-11-05). Overhaul for Sevens World Series point system. Press release. Retrieved on 2009-11-06.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 "Rules: 16-Team Tournament". International Rugby Board. 2009. http://www.irb.com/irbsevens/rules/rules16.html. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- ↑ "Rules". International Rugby Board. http://www.irb.com/irbsevens/rules/index.html. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- ↑ "Rules: 24-Team Tournament". International Rugby Board. 2009–10. Archived from the original on 18 January 2010. http://www.irb.com/irbsevens/rules/rules16.html. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
- ↑ International Rugby Board (2010-01-28). All 24 teams announced for Hong Kong Sevens. Press release. Retrieved on 2010-01-28.
- ↑ "Overall Standings". International Rugby Board. http://www.irb.com/irbsevens/standings.html. Retrieved 2010-03-28.
|V T E||IRB Sevens World Series|
|2013-14 events||2013 Gold Coast Sevens | 2013 Dubai Sevens | 2013 South Africa Sevens | 2014 USA Sevens | 2014 Wellington Sevens | 2014 Japan Sevens | 2014 Hong Kong Sevens | 2014 Scotland Sevens | 2014 London Sevens|
|Current Stadiums||Robina Stadium | The Sevens | Nelson Mandela Bay Stadium | Sam Boyd Stadium | Westpac Stadium | Chichibunomiya Rugby Stadium | Hong Kong Stadium | Scotstoun Stadium | Twickenham Stadium|
|Former events||Paris Sevens | Singapore Sevens | Shanghai Sevens | Tokyo Sevens | Mar Del Plata Sevens | Punta Del Este Sevens | Kuala Lumpur Sevens | Fiji Sevens|
|Seasons||1999-00 | 2000-01 | 2001-02 | 2002-03 | 2003-04 | 2004-05 | 2005-06 | 2006-07 | 2007-08 | 2008-09 | 2009-10 | 2010-11 | 2011-12 | 2012-13 | 2013-14|